LATIN America


regional trends

In Latin America and the Caribbean, women represent over half of international migrants, mainly for economic reasons.¹ Around 35,3% of female migrant workers in the region are employed in domestic work.²

Within the Latin American region, migration trends can be identified with the formation of important "migration corridors". The most notable ones, inserted in the international division of labor and global chain of care work, involve women migrants occupied in domestic work in the following migration corridors:

  • Paraguay - Argentina

  • Nicaragua - Costa Rica

  • Peru - Chile³

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

ILO CONVENTIONS

The following table (in Spanish) gives an overview of ILO conventions on migration and domestic work and the status of their ratification per country in the three migration corridors mentioned above.4

MERCOSUR

The MERCOSUR bloc greatly facilitates the movements of people among member states (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) through different migration-related agreements, establishing equal labor rights between nationals and migrants from member-states.

SOURCES

  1. Lupica, Carina. (2017). "Mujeres migrantes en Chile: oportunidades y riesgos de cruzar fronteras para trabajar." Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT). https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---americas/---ro-lima/---sro-santiago/documents/publication/wcms_560975.pdf.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Lexartza, Larraitz, Chaves, María José & Carcedo, Ana. (2016). "Políticas de formalización del trabajo doméstico remunerado en América Latina y el Caribe." Lima, OIT, Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe, FORLAC. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---americas/---ro-lima/documents/publication/wcms_480352.pdf.
  4. Soto et al. (2016). "Panorama regional sobre trabajadoras domésticas migrantes en América Latina." Centro de Documentación y Estudios (CDE) & OIT. https://www.cde.org.py/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/InformeMigrantes-WEB-CD.pdf.